The Transfer of Classical Knowledge Before the Renaissance

Students will learn the chronology and events related to the preservation and transfer of Greek and Roman learning after the classical period to the Byzantine, Sassanid Persian and Muslim civilizations, including its translation into Arabic and the further development of scientific and philosophical knowledge in Muslim civilization. They will understand the process by which it was transferred to European scholars from the 12th century on, and how this development relates to the rise of intellectuals and universities in Europe and what role this knowledge transfer played in the Renaissance of the 15th and 16th centuries.